Dietary polyphenols are the most abundant group among plant based bioactive compounds and are prevalent to good health. Plant based polyphenols contribute to the balance of our intestinal microbiota including the maintenance of our intestines. The most effective way for us to obtain polyphenol nutrients is with ingesting fruits and vegetables. (Pandey & Rizvi, 2009) There are over 8000 polyphenolic compounds known among plant species and are comprised of two groups: flavonoids and non-flavonoids. Flavonoids are the most common and include subclasses of: flavonols, flavones, flavanones, catechins, etc.
In nutrition the bioactive compounds or bioavailability includes the degree to which the nutrient enters into our bloodstream or systemic circulation and the degree to which these nutrients are made for the absorption processes.A plant based diet of polyphenols robust in colors found in flavonoids offers health benefits to all of our body’s processes including prevention of heart disease. Polyphenols offer health benefits on a broad scale. Thus, polyphenols are key to prevention of illness. (Watson, Preedy & Zibadi, 2013) As indicated by government health authorities there are three levels of prevention:
- Avoid disease or poor health.
- Reduce onset of an illness
- Prevent limitations due to disability a disease may cause
Polyphenols meet the criteria in all three areas of prevention and are the natural way to bestowing optimal health & longevity.
- Pandey, K. B., & Rizvi, S. I. (2009). Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2(5), 270–278
- Watson, Ronald, R., Preedy, Victor & Zibadi, Sherma (2014). Polyphenols in human health & disease, San Diego, CA, Academic Press.